Smart home technology utilizes an array of sensors, connected devices and the internet of things (IoT), machine learning and artificial intelligence technologies for home automation. These smart home connected devices can be monitored and controlled from anywhere using smart home apps, laptop or other connected devices. In this article we will discuss what is smart home technology? How does smart home technology work? and How to make a home smart home?
Smart home technology utilizes various latest technologies to make an ordinary home a smart home. Technologies such as the Internet of things, Sensors, Cloud computing and Artificial Intelligence are driving the growth of smart home or home automation.
In a smart home, users can automate the working of smart devices or they can be controlled remotely. For example, smart environment control devices such as Nest Thermostat learns user behavior and controls room temperature according to user behavior.
Why do we need Home Automation?
Various smart home devices are available in the market at a very affordable price. These home automation devices are used to :
- Monitor and control smart home devices remotely.
- Smart devices can take decisions of their own according to user requirements.
- Users can access real time data from anywhere.
Therefore Home Automation offers the following three benefits.
- Save electricity.
- Enhances home security.
- Improves user comfort.
How Smart Home Automation System Works ?
A Smart home automation system utilizes smart home technologies to connect smart home appliances and devices to the Internet of things. Some of these connected devices are capable of analyzing data using edge computing and sending it to the cloud. This enables users to control connected devices remotely. These Smart home systems can also send alerts to users as well.
Smart Home Technology: Home Automation Devices
For example you can start with smart lighting system. They are available at very low cost. Following are the major components used in smart home technology to turn an ordinary home into a Smart home.
- Home Security System
- Smart DoorBell
- Connected Security Camera
- Connected Smoke and CO Detector
- Window and Door Sensor
- Home Environment Control System
- Smart Thermostat
- Water Heater Controller
- Smart Lighting System
- User Interaction Devices
- Smart Speakers
- Other Smart Devices
- Smart Refrigrator
- Autonomous Cleaning Robots
- Smart Sprinkler System
- Smart Plug
1. Smart Home Security System
Home security system in a smart home technology enable users to access security system remotely. They send alerts to user when they detect anything unusual. Smart Home security system includes following Devices:
Doorbell is the first thing a visitor interacts with at your home. Smart doorbell is an connected doorbell in home automation system that send an alert to doorbell app. It activates and send live video when a visitor presses doorbell button.
Smart Door Lock
Connected Security Camera
A smart connected camera in a smart home enhances household security. Users can demand a live camera stream remotely. These cameras also have features like : motion detection, zoning, night vision and Smart alerts.
Smart Smoke and CO Detector
Smart smoke and carbon monoxide detectors along with raising an alarm also send audio alerts to user connected devices.
Windows / Door Sensor
Windows and door sensors are used to restrict unwanted entry. They set an alert if they detect door or window opening when the security system is on.
2. Home Environment Control Devices
These smart home control devices are used to control the environment such as temperature, humidity, air quality in your home. Users can set their preference and some environment control devices learn from user behavior and work accordingly.
Smart Thermostat (Heating and Cooling Control)
Smart thermostats are used in smart home automation to control HVAC systems. They allow users to control their home temperature remotely. Some of these smart thermostat are smart enough to adjust temperature based on user behavior.
Water Heater Controller
Everyone likes to have a hot water shower when they wake up. Smart water heater control in home automation are devices that are used to control hot water supply according to user preference.
Smart Lighting System
Connected smart lighting Devices can be controlled using internet connected devices such as smartphone or laptop. These smart light brightness and colors can also be controlled. In this way Smart lighting technology automates smart home lighting systems.
3. User Interaction / Control Devices
These smart home devices can be controlled using any internet connected device such as laptop, smartphone or voice controlled devices. Some of smart user interaction devices Includes:
Smart Speaker / Voice Assistant
Connected smart speakers are changing the way we interact with smart device. These voice assistants are capable of giving commands to smart devices. For example, you can control your smart bulb with alexa or google home.
4. Other Smart Appliances
A smart connected refrigerator can control refrigerator temperature more precisely. Therefore it utilizes low energy and also can send users an alert if the fridge door is left opened.
Autonomous Cleaning Robots
When you leave for office. A Robotic Vacuum cleaner can do the job of cleaning your home. They are intelligent enough to clean the floor autonomously and go to the charging station to charge themself. In this way Cleaning Robots automate user home cleaning needs.
Smart Sprinkler System
Similar to other smart home devices, Smart sprinkler system can be controlled remotely.
Smart Plug / Socket
To sum up, Smart home automation is becoming more affordable because of more penetration of latest technologies such as IoT, Cloud computing, cheaper availability of data and machine learning technology. These smart home connected devices enhance home security, improve comfort level and reduce electricity & gas bills.
We will keep adding more information on smart home technologies. Please add your suggestions, comments or questions to What is smart home technology and how smart home works?