Smart home technology utilizes sensors, connected devices and internet of things (IoT) for home automation. These smart connected homes can be monitored and controlled from anywhere using smart home apps, laptop or other connected devices. In this article we will discuss what is smart home technology, why we need this and how it works.
What is Smart Home?
A smart home is a home that utilizes smart internet connected devices to monitor and control home appliances remotely. Internet of things, Cloud computing and Artificial Intelligence are driving factors for smart home technology.
Why we need Smart Home Devices / Home Automation
When you are leaving home, you are not sure if you switched off devices, locked doors or turned on your security system.
- User can monitor and control smart home devices remotely.
- These devices can also take decisions according to user requirements.
- User can access real smart home data from anywhere.
- Saving electricity.
- Enhances home security.
- Improves user Comfort.
How Smart Home (Home Automation) Works ?
Smart home connects all home appliances and devices to Internet of things. These devices can include:
- Home Security System
- Heating and Cooling Control System
- Lighting System
- User Interface Devices
- Other Smart home Appliances
All of these connected devices analyse data using edge computing and send it to cloud for detailed analysis. This enable user to control connected devices remotely. Smart home system also send user security alerts as well.
Smart Home Automation Components
Home Automation utilizes following components to make a home Smart.
- Home Security System.
- Environment Control (Heating and Cooling Control System)
- Smart Lighting System.
- Smart Home Appliances.
- User Interaction Devices
Home Security System
Smart Home security system enable users to access security system remotely. They send alerts to user when they detect anything unusual. Smart Home security system includes following Devices:
Smart Door Bell
Door bell is the first thing a visitor interact with at your home. Smart doorbell is an connected doorbell that send an alert to doorbell app. It activates and send live video when a visitor presses doorbell button.
Smart Door Lock
Connected Security Camera
A smart connected camera in a smart home enhances household security. Users can demand camera live stream from anywhere. These camera also have features like : motion detection, zoning, night vision and Smart alerts.
Smart Smoke and CO Detector
Smart smoke and carbon monoxide detectors along with raising an alarm also send audio alert to user connected devices.
Windows / Door Sensor
Windows and door sensors are used to restrict unwanted entry. They set an alert if they detect door or window opening when security system is on.
They are used to control the environment such as temperature, humidity, air quality in your home. User can set their preference.
Smart Thermostat (Heating and Cooling Control)
Smart thermostat are used in smart home automation to control HVAC system. They allow users to control their home temperature remotely. Some of smart thermostat are smart enough to adjust temperature based on user behavior.
Water Heater Controller
Everyone likes to have a hot water shower when wakes up. Smart water heater controller are used to control hot water supply according to user preference.
Connected smart lighting can be controlled using internet connected devices such as smartphone or laptop. These smart light brightness and colors can also be controlled. Read this article for more details on smart lighting technology.
User Interaction Devices
To control smart home devices along with smartphone, laptop following user interaction devices are used.
Smart Speaker / Voice Assistant
Connected smart speakers are changing the way we interact with smart device. These voice assistants are capable of giving commands to smart devices. For example, you can control your smart bulb with alexa or google home.
Other Smart Appliances
A smart connected refrigerator can control refrigerator temperature more precisely. Therefore it utilizes low energy. It also sends you an alert if it’s door left opened.
When you leave for office. A Robotic Vacuum cleaner can do the job of cleaning your home. They are intelligent enough to clean floor autonomously and go to charging station to charge themself.
Smart Sprinkler System
Similar to other smart home devices, Smart sprinkler system can be controlled remotely.
Smart Plug / Socket
To sum up, Smart home automation is becoming more affordable because of more penetration of internet of things, Cloud computing, cheaper availability of data and machine learning technology. They enhances home security, improves comfort level and reduce electricity & gas bills.
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