What is Smart Home Technology and How smart home Works?

Smart home technology utilizes an array of sensors, connected devices and the internet of things (IoT), machine learning and artificial intelligence technologies for home automation. These smart home connected devices can be monitored and controlled from anywhere using smart home apps, laptop or other connected devices. In this article we will discuss what is smart home technology? How does smart home technology work? and How to make a home smart home?

Smart home technology utilizes various latest technologies to make an ordinary home a smart home. Technologies such as the Internet of things, Sensors, Cloud computing and Artificial Intelligence are driving the growth of smart home or home automation.

In a smart home, users can automate the working of smart devices or they can be controlled remotely. For example, smart environment control devices such as Nest Thermostat learns user behavior and controls room temperature according to user behavior.

Why do we need Home Automation?

Various smart home devices are available in the market at a very affordable price. These home automation devices are used to :

  • Monitor and control smart home devices remotely. 
  • Smart devices can take decisions of their own according to user requirements.
  • Users can access real time data from anywhere.

Therefore Home Automation offers the following three benefits.

  • Save electricity.
  • Enhances home security.
  • Improves user comfort.

How Smart Home Automation System Works ?

Smart home works by connecting home devices such as Sensors, Security, Home Appliances, Lighting to Internet of things.
Working of Smart Home

A Smart home automation system utilizes smart home technologies to connect smart home appliances and devices to the Internet of things. Some of these connected devices are capable of analyzing data using edge computing and sending it to the cloud. This enables users to control connected devices remotely. These Smart home systems can also send alerts to users as well.

Smart Home Technology: Home Automation Devices

You can turn your ordinary home into a smart home by using smart home automation devices. It is not mandatory to use all of these devices. You can start with even one smart device and we can increase the boundary of these smart devices.


For example you can start with smart lighting system. They are available at very low cost. Following are the major components used in smart home technology to turn an ordinary home into a Smart home.

  1. Home Security System
    • Smart DoorBell
    • Connected Security Camera
    • Connected Smoke and CO Detector
    • Window and Door Sensor
  2. Home Environment Control System
    • Smart Thermostat
    • Water Heater Controller
    • Smart Lighting System
  3. User Interaction Devices
    • Smart Speakers
  4. Other Smart Devices
    • Smart Refrigrator
    • Autonomous Cleaning Robots
    • Smart Sprinkler System
    • Smart Plug
1. Smart Home Security System

Home security system in a smart home technology enable users to access security system remotely. They send alerts to user when they detect anything unusual. Smart Home security system includes following Devices:  

Smart DoorBell

Doorbell is the first thing a visitor interacts with at your home. Smart doorbell is an connected doorbell in home automation system that send an alert to doorbell app. It activates and send live video when a visitor presses doorbell button.

Features of a Smart Door Bell

  • Motion Detection Feature.
  • Two-way communication.
  • On demand video feed.
  • Send an Alert to the house owner’s smartphone when the visitor presses the doorbell button.
Smart Door Lock
Smart Door lock makes your front door smart. With smart-locks, you are always in control of your door, no matter where you are. You can control them right from your phone. They also have capability to raise alarm in case of unintended entry.

Features of a Smart Door Lock:

  • Activity Monitoring
  • Guest Access
  • Auto Lock / Unlock
  • Remote Monitoring

Smart Lock Devices

Connected Security Camera

A smart connected camera in a smart home enhances household security. Users can demand a live camera stream remotely. These cameras also have features like : motion detection, zoning, night vision and Smart alerts.

Smart Security Features

  • Motion detection
  • Smart alerts (baby crying, unwanted intrusion)
  • Night Vision
  • Two way Communication.

Smart Security Camera Devices

Smart Smoke and CO Detector

Smart smoke and carbon monoxide detectors along with raising an alarm also send audio alerts to user connected devices.

Features of Smart Smoke Detector

  • Send Alert to your phone.
  • Can tell specific place for alarm.

Smart Smoke Detector Devices

Windows / Door Sensor

Windows and door sensors are used to restrict unwanted entry. They set an alert if they detect door or window opening when the security system is on.

Ring Window Sensor

Features of a Connected Door Sensor

  • Detect Door / Window Opening
  • Sensor with Glass Break detection is also available

Smart Window Sensor Devices

2. Home Environment Control Devices

These smart home control devices are used to control the environment such as temperature, humidity, air quality in your home. Users can set their preference and some environment control devices learn from user behavior and work accordingly.

Smart Thermostat (Heating and Cooling Control)

Smart thermostats are used in smart home automation to control HVAC systems. They allow users to control their home temperature remotely. Some of these smart thermostat are smart enough to adjust temperature based on user behavior.

Features of a smart Thermostats

  • Adjust room temperature based on user behavior.
  • Improves user comfort.
  • Saves Electricity. 
  • Energy Reports

Smart Thermostat Devices

Water Heater Controller

Everyone likes to have a hot water shower when they wake up. Smart water heater control in home automation are devices that are used to control hot water supply according to user preference.

Features of a Water Heater Controller

  • Water Heating as per user Schedule
  • Saves Electricity/Money
  • Intelligent Control
  • Remotely Control

Smart Thermostat Devices

Smart Lighting System

Connected smart lighting Devices can be controlled using internet connected devices such as smartphone or laptop. These smart light brightness and colors can also be controlled. In this way Smart lighting technology automates smart home lighting systems.

Connected smart lighting can be controlled using internet connected devices such as smartphone or laptop.

Features of a Smart Lighting System

  • Adjust light brightness.
  • Multiple colors
  • Daylight Sensing
  • Occupancy Sensing
  • Scheduling

Smart Lighting Devices

3. User Interaction / Control Devices

These smart home devices can be controlled using any internet connected device such as laptop, smartphone or voice controlled devices. Some of smart user interaction devices Includes:

Smart Speaker / Voice Assistant

Connected smart speakers are changing the way we interact with smart device. These voice assistants are capable of giving commands to smart devices. For example, you can control your smart bulb with alexa or google home.

Features of Smart Speakers

  • Works as Voice Assistants.
  • Can Control Smart devices.
  • Voice Controlled

Smart Speakers

4. Other Smart Appliances
Smart Refrigerator

A smart connected refrigerator can control refrigerator temperature more precisely. Therefore it utilizes low energy and also can send users an alert if the fridge door is left opened.

Features of a Smart Refrigerator

  • Look inside the refrigerator on a mobile app.
  • Let you know if you left the fridge door open.
  • Works with smart speakers (Alexa and Google home).
  • Create Schedule
  • Holiday Mode
Autonomous Cleaning Robots

When you leave for office. A Robotic Vacuum cleaner can do the job of cleaning your home. They are intelligent enough to clean the floor autonomously and go to the charging station to charge themself. In this way Cleaning Robots automate user home cleaning needs.

Features of Cleaning Robots

  • Automatic Cleaning
  • Smart Mapping
  •  Voice/Remote Control

Cleaning Robots

Smart Sprinkler System

Similar to other smart home devices, Smart sprinkler system can be controlled remotely.

Rachio Smart Sprinkler Controller

Features of a Smart Sprinkler Control Devices

  • Saves Water
  • Weather Compensation
  • Auto Scheduling

Smart Sprinkler Controls

Smart Plug / Socket
Connected Smart plug makes home automation possible by making any ordinary device smart. For this you just need to plug an existing device into the smart plug. Read this article for more details on smart plug.
Connected Smart plug are used to make any ordinary device devices smarts.

Features of a Smart Plug

  • Controlled and monitored remotely.
  • Can Make any product smart.
  • Scheduling

Smart Plug Devices

To sum up, Smart home automation is becoming more affordable because of more penetration of latest technologies such as IoT, Cloud computing, cheaper availability of data and machine learning technology. These smart home connected devices enhance home security, improve comfort level and reduce electricity & gas bills.

We will keep adding more information on smart home technologies. Please add your suggestions, comments or questions to What is smart home technology and how smart home works?

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